Shukto Recipe │How to Make Shukto

This article will provide complete guide, Shukto Recipe, How to Make Shukto, exploring its origins, ingredients, preparation methods, and the cultural significance it holds for Bengalis.


Shukto, a traditional Bengali dish, is a gastronomic masterpiece that combines a unique blend of flavors and textures. Join us on this culinary journey as we uncover the secrets behind this delectable Bengali delicacy.

The Origins of Shukto

Shukto has deep roots in Bengali cuisine and is believed to have originated centuries ago. Its history can be traced back to the Mughal period, where it was prepared as a royal dish. Over time, Shukto has evolved and adapted to suit the palates of Bengali households, becoming a staple in Bengali cuisine.

Ingredients for Shukto

Shukto is known for its diverse range of ingredients, which come together to create a harmonious and flavorful dish. Here are some of the key components:

1. Bitter Gourd (Karela)

Bitter gourd is the star of the show, lending its unique bitter flavor to the dish. It’s sliced thinly and prepped to reduce its bitterness.

2. Drumsticks (Shojne Data)

Drumsticks add a subtle earthy flavor and a delightful crunch to the dish. They are typically cut into short pieces.

3. Raw Banana (Kanchkolar Kofta)

Raw banana slices contribute a mild sweetness that balances the bitterness of the bitter gourd.

4. Eggplant (Begun)

Eggplant is used to provide a creamy texture and a slightly sweet taste.

5. Green Beans (Sheem)

Green beans add a vibrant green color and a crisp texture to the Shukto.

6. Radish (Mulo)

Radish slices provide a subtle peppery kick and a refreshing taste.

7. Mustard Paste (Shorshe Bata)

Mustard paste is a crucial component of Shukto, offering a pungent and tangy flavor.

8. Milk (Dudh)

Milk is used to make a creamy base for the dish, enhancing its overall richness.

The Art of Shukto Preparation

Now that we’ve explored the ingredients, let’s dive into the preparation of this exquisite Bengali dish. Follow these steps to create a delicious Shukto:

Step 1: Bitter Gourd Treatment

  1. Slice the bitter gourd into thin rounds.
  2. Sprinkle salt on the slices and let them sit for about 30 minutes to reduce bitterness.
  3. Rinse the bitter gourd thoroughly to remove excess salt.

Step 2: Blanch the Vegetables

  1. Boil water and blanch the drumsticks, raw banana, eggplant, green beans, and radish for a few minutes until they are slightly tender.
  2. Drain and set them aside.

Step 3: Create the Mustard Paste

  1. Grind mustard seeds into a fine paste.
  2. Mix the mustard paste with a little water and keep it aside.

Step 4: Cooking Shukto

  1. Heat a pan and add some mustard oil.
  2. Add the blanched vegetables to the pan and stir-fry them for a few minutes.
  3. Add the mustard paste, salt, and a pinch of sugar.
  4. Pour in the milk to create a creamy consistency.
  5. Simmer until the vegetables are cooked and the flavors meld together.

The Cultural Significance of Shukto

Shukto is not just a culinary delight but also holds cultural importance in Bengali households. It is often served as the first course in a traditional Bengali meal, symbolizing the diverse flavors and emotions that life offers. Bengalis believe that the bitterness of Shukto represents the bittersweet journey of life.


In conclusion, Shukto is a testament to the rich and vibrant culture of Bengal. Its unique blend of flavors and the careful selection of ingredients make it a must-try dish for anyone looking to explore Bengali cuisine. So, roll up your sleeves, gather the ingredients, and embark on a culinary adventure by preparing Shukto in your own kitchen.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Can I make Shukto without mustard paste?

Yes, you can make a variation of Shukto without mustard paste, but it won’t have the traditional Bengali flavor.

2. Is Shukto a vegetarian dish?

Yes, Shukto is a vegetarian dish, making it suitable for those with vegetarian diets.

3. Can I use coconut milk instead of regular milk in Shukto?

While some variations of Shukto do use coconut milk, the traditional recipe calls for regular milk.

4. What are some common accompaniments to Shukto?

Shukto is often served with steamed rice and a side of dal (lentil soup).

5. Can I adjust the level of bitterness in Shukto?

Yes, you can adjust the bitterness by altering the treatment of bitter gourd. You can soak it in water with salt for a shorter or longer duration to achieve your preferred level of bitterness.

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